We have learned that sleep disorders cause sleep deprivation. And each individual may have sleep problems at some points in life. Some people may not even realize they have the problem as it happens during sleeping. I recalled I often felt sleepy in the classroom when I was a teen and during the seminar at my work. I had long sleep at night, but the feeling of drowsiness during the day. I eventually learned that I did not have quality sleep at night.
I researched information and discussed with many people about sleep disorder symptoms and how they managed. Along my journey, I am amazed that there are several issues that may cause sleep problems. Each person may need unique assistance and advice.
You may take this for granted on the digital world through my website for learning about the treatment of sleep disorders for yourself, families, and friends.
What is Sleep Disorder – Why Is It Important?
Sleep Disorders is a condition that prevents a person from getting restful sleep. Some sleep disorders are serious enough to interfere with physical, mental, social, and emotional functioning. Disruption in sleep can be caused by various issues such as,
- Physical issues
- Medical issues
- Psychiatric disorders
- Environmental issues
- Night shift work
Quality sleep is important for brain, mental, and health because,
- Significant processes for physical and mental are carried out during your sleep.
- Melatonin, a powerful antioxidant, generated well during quality sleeping.
- Good sleep improves your immune function.
- Good quality sleep supports brain functioning, emotional well-being, physical health, and personal safety.
- Good sleep can enhance memory functionality and productivity.
- Good sleepers may have a lesser risk of heart disease and stroke.
Stages of Sleep and Sleep Cycles
Sleepers pass through five stages: 1, 2, 3, 4, and REM (rapid eye movement) sleep. These stages progress cyclically from 1 through REM then begin again with stage 1. A complete sleep cycle takes an average of 90 to 110 minutes, with each stage lasting between 5 to 15 minutes.
Sleep Disorders Symptoms & Signs of Sleep Problems
- Hardly sleep at night, taking longer to sleep
- Hard to go back to sleep after waking up in the middle of the night
- Frequently have pills to fall asleep
- Lethargy and drowsiness during day time
- Feel tired but cannot sleep
Is Insomnia a Sleep Disorder?
Sleep disorder is an uncommon sleep pattern that interferes with our normal life, either physical, mental, social, and emotional functioning. Insomnia is a sub-category of sleep disorders.
Types of Sleep Disorders – Medical Study
According to the ICSD-3 International Classification of Sleep Disorder, here are six types of sleep disorders.
Insomnia definition: Inability to fall asleep or stay asleep, with four sub-types
a. Chronic insomnia disorder
b. Short-term, acute, or transient insomnia disorder
c. Other insomnia disorder
d. Isolated symptom and normal variants
Sleep-related breathing disorders
Definition: Difficult breathing during sleep
Most known as obstruction apnea disorder for adults and children, and commonly called Obstruction Sleep Apnea (OSA).
The above picture exposed normal breathing during sleep, as the tongue does not block the airway. The below picture shown the tongue blocks the airway.
The airway is blocked causing pauses in breathing or periods of shallow breathing during sleep.
Central Disorders of Hypersomnolence
Definition: Conditions that cause a person be excessively sleepy
Hypersomnia, or excessive sleepiness, is a condition in which a person has trouble staying awake during the day. People who have hypersomnia can fall asleep at any time; for instance, at work or while they are driving.
Circadian Rhythm Sleep-Wake Disorders
Definition: Not follow normal sleep times at night
People with circadian rhythm sleep disorders are unable to go to sleep and awaken at the times commonly required for work and school as well as social needs. They are generally able to get enough sleep if allowed to sleep and wake at the times dictated by their “body clocks”.
For example, delayed sleep, advanced sleep, irregular sleep-wake rhythm, and jet lag disorder.
Definition: Unwanted events or experiences occur while falling asleep
Parasomnias are disruptive sleep disorders that can occur during arousals from REM sleep or partial arousals from non-REM sleep.
For example, sleepwalking, confusional arousals, sleep terrors, sleep eating disorder, nightmare, sleep paralysis, and bedwetting.
Sleep-Related Movement Disorders
Definition: Conditions that cause movement during or prior to sleep
Sleep-related movement disorders are abnormal movements that occur during sleep or while falling asleep. These disorders include everything from bothersome muscle twitches to disorders with serious long-term risks, like bruxism, or nighttime teeth grinding, that can result in permanent damage to the teeth and jaw.
More examples are restless legs syndrome, sleep-related movement due to a medical disorder, medication or substance.
Sleep Disorders: Techniques for Remedies
Natural sleep disorders remedies are fundamental steps of treatment of sleep disorders. Here are some techniques.
- Set bedtime schedule and strict to it.
- Turn off electronic equipment, such as TV and computer. Light and radiation from equipment may lessen melatonin in the body and cause hard sleep.
- Regular exercise improves the healthiness and helps well sleep at night.
- Relax and avoid stress before bedtime. Do not worry about tomorrow prior to or during bedtime.
- A bed is for sleep and sex only – not to use it for working, watching TV, or playing games.
- Avoid day sleep – if necessary have it before 3 p.m. not longer than 30 minutes.
- No meals 2 hours before bed.
- Avoid poor sleep practices before bedtime – no nicotine, caffeine, and alcohol drink.
- Adjust proper sleep environment – comfortably cool, dark, and quiet.
- Consult with doctors and/or sleep disorder specialists.
Food and Herbs – Best Choices for Improving Sleep Quality
Ethnic and Asian knowledge has introduced foods and herbs which can improve sleep quality, such as fish, warm milk, bananas, goji berries, lotus roots, and more. This topic is another one of my favorites. You can find a separate blog on this website for Natural Sleep Foods, Natural Sleep Herbs, and Asian Herbs for Sleep.
Children Sleeping Disorders
Children sleep disorder situations were revealed by parents who consulted pediatricians and sleep disorder specialists. The diagnosis can help parents understand the causes of a child’s sleep disorder problems and relevant factors. The most common solutions are about adjusting children activities and environment. Further are children sleeping behavior, parent’s knowledge, and children health.
One of the most helpful solutions is seeking consultants from pediatricians and/or sleep disorder specialists.
The Bottom Line
Sleep disorders are likely common issues in life. You will be aware and not ignore. When you cannot have well sleep three times a week up to four weeks, that is short-term insomnia. When the symptoms last longer than a month that is chronic insomnia. Insomnias are severe to your health due to more negative effects on the immune system, growth hormone, and brain function. Sleep apneas are the most severe sleep disorders associated with poor breathing systems during sleep resulting in low blood oxygen. Learn about insomnias, sleep apneas, and natural sleep aids.
I wrote a separate blog about Improve Child’s Sleep. Hope you will find useful information for your children.
If you have any questions or comments about sleep disorders or you want to have own personal review, please leave comments below.
All the best for you better sleep,